Eritrea achieved independence in 1991 after a 30-year struggle with occupying Ethiopian forces. It spent 60 years before that under Italian rule. Tensions with Ethiopia have remained high ever since, and there has been a long-running border dispute with Djibouti. There are restrictions on the movement of foreign nationals within the country. Poverty and corruption are among the worst in the world.

The main religions are Christianity and Islam. No elections have been held in the new state. The capital, Asmara, retains much old Italian colonial architecture and sits on a high plateau, 2300m above sea level. The remote village of Nakfa in the north is famous for being the seat of the resistance.


Eritrea flag

Why you should go:

You have been to Ethiopia and now want to see the former part of it.

Why you shouldn't:

You are a democrat.

Map of Eritrea